One of the world-renowned dog breeds is, without a doubt, the poodle or poodle. This dog breed has a long and regal history, as they were the companion dogs of the courtiers of Louis XVI in 18th-century France. However, the breed does not refer to a single type of dog, since within it there are up to four different types of poodles or poodle. These types have shared characteristics but differ in others. If you want to know more about the classification of poodles and the standards of each type, stay to read this article of Animal Expert that we have prepared for you with the types of poodle, their names and characteristics.
How many types of poodles are there?
After many fights between the different cynological institutions around the world, a standard has been established for each of the poodle classes, distinguishing a total of 4 different varieties. This classification is based, fundamentally, on distinguishing each type based on their weight and size, that is, their height at the cross. In this way, we find the following types of poodle:
- Standard or large poodles
- Medium poodles
- Dwarf poodles
- Toy poodles
This classification is that of institutions such as the International Cynological Federation (FCI), however, others such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) only recognize three varieties: standard (which includes the large and medium), the mini or dwarf and the toy
Characteristics of poodles or poodle
All poodles or poodle share a series of characteristics, as well as criteria included in their standard. One of them refers to the accepted colors, which in all classes are: black, white, brown, gray, orange fawn (apricot) and red fawn. Another of these criteria is the type of mantle, which has abundant hair in all varieties, woolly, curly or wavy. Likewise, all poodles are characterized by being physically proportioned dogs.
Next, we show the types of poodle and detail their particular characteristics.
1. Large poodle or standard poodle
This type of poodle is the original. He was the first to appear, his story being long and full of personalities, as there were many nobles and kings who craved and valued him as a companion dog. Among them, the French kings Luis XVI and María Antonieta stand out as characters who highly valued this dog breed.
A standard poodle has specific measures, ranging from 45 centimeters to 60 cm high to the cross, comprising weights between 16 and 22 kilograms. There is a marked sexual dimorphism, since males are notoriously more bulky and heavier than females. Due to its large size compared to the other varieties, many are the ones that nickname this dog as a giant poodle.
The large poodle has a fairly long life, so that its average life expectancy can exceed 16 years with relative ease, as long as it receives adequate care.
As we say, this was the original variety, from which the breeders began to work in order to obtain smaller and smaller specimens, originating the other three varieties.
2. Medium poodle or medium poodle
Medium-sized poodles are slightly smaller than standard ones, although according to classifications such as the AKC, these two varieties would merge into one. For this reason, there is usually a lot of confusion when talking about standard poodles, since while for some organizations this term refers to medium-sized poodles, others understand it as referring to large ones. In any case, a medium poodle is one whose size is in the range of 35 to 45 cm high at the cross and has a weight of between 7 and 12 kilograms.
Medium poodles are considered the second variety of poodle to make its appearance, developing the following variety from medium poodles.
3. Dwarf poodle or mini poodle
A mini or dwarf poodle, both terms being accepted when talking about this type of poodle, is somewhat smaller than a medium one. Of course, the differences in size are much more pronounced compared to one of large size. Their proportions and concrete measures are in the range of 4 to 7 kilograms of body weight and 28-35 cm high at the cross. As we can see, there is a difference of almost 10 centimeters between this kind of poodle and the big one, something easily visible to the naked eye.
This is the variety with the highest life expectancy, as there are specimens that have practically exceeded twenty.
4. Poodle toy or poodle toy
Being one of the most famous and popular varieties, the poodle toy was the last variety of the breed to be created. The breeders had to work hard to get poodles of such small proportions. In addition, in order to avoid the appearance of diseases related to their small size, such as complications and organic alterations due to dwarfism, several interventions by genetic scientists were necessary. Even so, despite having saved the most serious and fatal congenital diseases, there are still certain alterations in them that require further intervention and thus achieve a completely healthy race. Many of these pathologies are shared with the other varieties of poodle. To discover them, do not miss the following article: “Most common diseases in poodle dogs “.
This dog is really small, especially compared to the standard poodle, since it is barely 24-28 cm high at the cross, weighing a maximum of 2.5 kilograms. This makes the differences incredible between two specimens of the same breed, although of different variety, because between a toy poodle and a standard there is a minimum difference of almost 20 centimeters and more than 14 kilograms. Of course, although many people tend to call this variety poodle mini toy due, precisely, to its small size, the truth is that this term is incorrect. As we have seen, the miniature poodle dog and the poodle toy are different types of poodle.
The average life expectancy of the toy poodle is slightly lower than that of the dwarf poodle, as it usually does not reach ages above 14-15 years.
What kind of poodle to adopt?
Given so many possibilities, many ask this same question. Something to note is that, although there are usually notable differences in character when talking about different varieties of the same breed, this is not something that happens in the case of poodles. In this race there are no differences in character or in the docility between some classes and others, the size being the only thing that changes when comparing the 4 classes with each other.
This means that, although we may think that a toy poodle will be very different from a large one, it is only true that the standard will be of a significantly larger size, but nothing more. Therefore, that we choose one or another type of poodle to be part of our family, will depend solely and exclusively on our personal preferences and the space we have. All of them are equally sociable, affectionate, calm, intelligent and, above all, incredibly sensitive and noble.